HISTORICAL SIOUX CHIPPEWA PEACE TREATY

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Sioux Chippewa Peace Treaty Aug., 15 1897

“In late April 1869 the Ojibway chief Niigaaniibinesi, or Flat Mouth II, of Leech Lake, killed one of the former scout leaders, Wasuideya [Sets Fire to Hail], near Toqua Lakes (in Big Stone County, Minnesota). Wasuideya´s wife, Icagowin (Makes Her Mark Woman), who was Gabriel´s [Renville] aunt, was taken captive. […]

As Little Paul [Paul Mazakutemani, Wahpeton chief] and all of the Sisseton and Wahpeton leaders had renounced warfare with their fellow Indians years before, they stood ready to promote peace. They had such an opportunity during the summer of 1870 when they were contacted by Waabiaanakwad (White Cloud), the leading Ojibway chief at the White Earth Reservation in Minnesota. […]

Messengers were sent to the Sisseton and Wahpeton leaders, asking them to meet an Ojibway delegation at Fort Abercrombie, that Waabiaanakwad was offering to give the murderer´s annuities to the relatives of Wasuideya. Father Genin volunteered to act as a mediator.
Little Paul, along with chiefs Wasuiciyapi [Hail that Strikes Itself aka Sweet Corn, Sisseton], Hupacokamaza [Iron on the Inside of his Wings aka Metal Wing, Sisseton], Wasukiye [Causes Hail, Sisseton], and Wanbdiupiduta [Scarlet Plume, Sisseton] arrived at the fort on August 12. […] The following day the Ojibway arrived, among them chiefs Waabiaanakwad [White Cloud], Mezhucegiihig (Horizon), and Manidoowaabi (Spirit Vision). […]

The next day, August 15, the Indians attended a mass given by Genin and then went into the fort to sign a treaty of peace. It stated that the two parties wished to make an “everlasting peace” and to ask government authorities to punish any offenders. A peace dance was celebrated throughout the day inside the post. At the end a photographer (Landgeving) took a photo of the group. Genin was in the center, with Wasuiciyapi to his right. Little Paul is seated third to the right of Genin.”

Mark Diedrich: Little Paul – Christian Leader of the Dakota Peace Party, Coyote Books 2010, page 172/173